Researchers say that the number of Americans with chronic back pain is also increasing. If you are looking for car GPS for seniors, then look no further than lists of best GPS. The MKZ is now also available as a hybrid. The Forte may well be the best small car for seniors. The official age for reaching this milestone is 65. Acura RDX SUV, Audi A8 Sedan, Ford Taurus Sedan, Honda Accord Sedan, Hyundai Sonata Sedan, Lexus ES 350 Sedan, Mazda CX-9 SUV, Mercedes-Benz E-Class Sedan, Toyota Avalon Sedan and Volkswagen Passat. Six-way seats that can adjust for best comfort, Voice control and buttons instead of knobs, Seat belt extenders that make them easier to grab. Stick with mid-size cars when shopping for cars for seniors. The best cars under $40,000. We’ll preface this "best 2020 cars for seniors" guide by saying this - we don't think your age has to dictate what car you drive. It offers supportive seats, well-thought-out controls, a roomy interior, an enormous trunk, and excellent gas mileage. So the folks over at Consumer Reports decided to put together a list of what they consider to be the 25 best vehicles for older drivers in the June issue. A great choice if you: Live in the city, are an older driver or are looking for a first car.. Headlights. Arthritis can limit daily activities such as getting in and out of a car for many Americans. Picking the best senior-friendly car Driving can be a complicated issue as family members age and want to maintain independence, with safety being a primary concern. The reasons are – ride height is low, so it makes it easy to get in and out of, the interiors are spacious, great suspension and it requires much less fuel than other sedans. Factset: FactSet Research Systems Inc.2019. You can find expert commentary, research new features and even book a test drive at your local dealership. The magazine considered the following factors: Front-seat access. The list includes: Subaru Forester, Outback, Legacy and Crosstrek. Luxury cars are the best place to find an automaker's latest, greatest technologies — and this is where the new 7 Series excels. Sports cars are an emotional purchase, but given that the 124 Spider is the Best Sports Car for the Money, it'll be a smart buy. Timothy S. Carey, M.D., … Good cars for senior drivers should have easy-to-read gauges and simple controls. If you’re thinking about a new car, the Internet is a great place to begin your search. Don’t be. Best Luxury Cars 2017. News The best cars for senior drivers in 2017 As the baby boomer generation continues to age, older drivers are a growing auto insurance market for agents. © 2020 Cable News Network. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC 2019 and/or its affiliates. Deaths, injuries and property losses result from thousands of car crashes on our nation’s highways and streets every year. Here’s an easy way to give hand controls a try. Special consideration was given to features that Consumer Reports thinks are essential for older drivers. My elderly parents live in rural Ireland, and are considering buying a new (or second hand) car. So when you find yourself in this situation, it’s crucial to consider things that play a role in ensuring a safe driving experience — which includes the type of car that best fits an individual’s needs. These are features you should consider if you have arthritis, depending on your symptoms and where you are affected when you drive. It’s worth noting that it is much easier to adapt automatic cars to accommodate features such as hand pedals than it is a manual car. The 15 Safest Cars for 2021 14 Safest Car Brands of 2020 20 Best New Cars for Under $20,000 Best Used Sports Cars … Following is the list of 25 best cars for seniors in 2020. Every person with arthritis experiences his or her condition in a different way, so be thorough in your research and take plenty of test drives. Let senior drivers be worry free and enjoy the road! Tata Nano GenX. Find a vehicle offering easier, more comfortable driving. But we may not think to ask, “Is this car ‘arthritis-friendly?’”, Fitness, health and wellness tips sent to you weekly, Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. And the ranks of America’s senior drivers are growing. The U.S. News Best Car for the Money awards highlight the cars, trucks, SUVs and minivans that give you the best of both worlds: value and an outstanding ownership experience. So test things out for yourself. Best Cars for Older Drivers - Top 3. If you have arthritis, it’s a good idea to look for a car that takes into account the way everyday tasks can become more difficult for people who struggle with the daily pain. You can also find plenty of inspiration about the best cars suited to older drivers. Is it reliable? They’re also not too bulky to manage, but not small enough to be constricting or uncomfortable in any way. March 14, 2020 7:00 a.m. PT. However, senior citizens have very different needs when it comes to buying a used car than other demographics. And the ranks of America’s senior drivers are growing. Here are our editors' favorites. While choosing a car to suit your needs may seem daunting at first, having an awareness of which features and functionality can best support your lifestyle will make it easier to narrow your choices down. You can find a reliable car that will serve your household needs for years to come and stay under budget. A Warner Media Company. The best road trip cars have comfortable seats, lots of entertainment features, and plenty of room for all of your gear. Built on the same platform these vehicles have accommodating seats and amenable ride quality. The U.S. News Best Car for the Money awards highlight the cars, trucks, SUVs and minivans that give you the best of both worlds: value and an outstanding ownership experience. Two doors or four doors? Among the other vehicles in … Here's top 5 affordable cars for old age drivers! Cars with easy access for elderly should be modeled after Hyundai Sonata. Read more. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. It was useful for pets, parents and moving things. Driving not only causes stiffness and discomfort for people with arthritis, but it also requires dexterity to turn keys, adjust knobs and reach for seat belts. Smart choices based on the specific needs of older drivers. Hyundai Sonata positions almost at the… Disclaimer. Developed by orthopedic specialists, the Volvo XC60 has back coddling seats. Older drivers … Make it a true “dry run” by bringing along assistive devices such as canes or walkers to make sure you can easily load them into the car or fit them in the trunk. Here’s an easy way to give hand controls a try. People tend to over-estimate the risks posed by older drivers. Cars can vary a lot in terms of how well their headlights light up the road ahead. A vehicle is one of the largest purchases a person makes, and it is critical to find the right one for you. 5 Simple Tips to Prevent Norovirus This Winter, 6 Steps to Get Kids to Listen — No Yelling or Bribing Involved, Best Tips for Dealing With Your Stubborn Tween, Hearing Aids: How to Pick the Right Type for You, How to Politely Ask Someone to Wear a Face Mask, How the Pandemic Is Straining the Healthcare System – and What You Can Do to Help. The smallest of the lot, and the cheapest of all, the Tata Nano entry-level hatchback is the best buy for an aged person if budget and space are a concern. Picking the best senior-friendly car Driving can be a complicated issue as family members age and want to maintain independence, with safety being a primary concern. Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. Here are the best cars you can take on a long trip. 10 Best Cars for older drivers It’s as much a fact of life as death or taxes that we’re all going to get older, but choosing the best car for older drivers isn’t as easy as it sounds. Does it drive well? Of course, there comes a point when a drivers should no longer be behind the wheel, no matter what kind of accommodations a car may have. Do Face Mask Brackets Work — And Are They Safe? Controls. All rights reserved. At the same time, there are other complicated and expensive systems out there that supposedly make cars easier to operate for people with disabilities like arthritis. Hyundai has come a long way since its cars first arrived on our shores, and the Sonata is now one of the best mid-size cars in its class. Here are some things to keep in mind when shopping for an arthritis-friendly car. CNN Sans™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. CORONAVIRUS: UPDATED VISITOR RESTRICTIONS, INCREASED SAFETY MEASURES + COVID-19 TESTING. Autoblog Staff Aug 8, 2013. The Chevy Impala is a large sedan that offers a ride comparable to luxury competitors. Roadshow staff. Each award winner has the best combination of quality and value in each of their respective classes – and with the awards covering 20 different automotive categories, it’s easy to find a winning car that works for you. In fact, there have been recalls for vehicles with confusing gear-selectors that have led to accidents. If you have a bad back and want a vehicle you can live with, read on. Acetaminophen vs. Ibuprofen: Which Works Better? If you are in the market for a new or used car, you should focus on available features which may make driving safer and more comfortable. After all, car manufacturers go out of their way to market their vehicles to bright young things, but rarely target their cars at seniors. Morningstar: © 2019 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Each award winner has the best combination of quality and value in each of their respective classes – and with the awards covering 20 different automotive categories, it’s easy to find a winning car that works for you. It has been found to be one of the best cars for elderly people in 2017. But beyond the confines of bureaucracy, “senior” is something of a moving target. That means getting into and out of the vehicle is going to be easier, you get a generally more upright seating position and visibility can also be better than a sedan. If you have arthritis, it’s a good idea to look for a car that takes into account the way everyday tasks can become more difficult for people who struggle with the daily pain. The accompanying slideshow of 20 Best Cars For Senior Drivers was culled from a search of the aforementioned AAA database, and features four-door vehicles that include the greatest number of … All times are ET. Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Based on reviews from Consumer Reports, these are the best cars for senior drivers for a variety of reasons, including how easy it is to get in and out of them.. 1. Cleveland Clinic © 1995-2020. In 2009, the latest date for which figures are available, there were 359,000 deaths on American roadways. Price and style used to be the two primary considerations when buying a car. For seniors with walkers or wheelchairs, the ideal vehicle also needs a large trunk or cargo area. Visibility. Competitors included the 2018 Chevrolet Equinox, 2017 Ford Escape, 2017 Honda CR-V, 2017 Jeep Compass, 2017 Mazda CX-5, 2017.5 Nissan Rogue and 2018 Volkswagen Tiguan. Among the other vehicles in the list were the Ford Escape, Nissan Rogue, Toyota Corolla and Hyundai Santa Fe. Each vehicle on their list offers excellent or very good ratings on reliability, safety, road-test performance and owner satisfaction. Don’t be. I just don't have experience with those vehicles. USP - Cheapest car, Automatic available, Cabin space. There is a real advantage to opting for a cross-over model such as the ASX – the seats sit up higher than in an average sedan. Best practices for entering and exiting a vehicle. Amazingly, 80 percent of Americans will suffer from back problems within their lifetimes. Consumer Reports top 25 new cars for senior drivers combine reliability, safety, and senior-friendly features. More Photos. Kia Soul, Sportage, Sorento and Forte. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. The latest to join are the baby-boomers, a generation that, unlike many of their parents, grew up with one or two cars per household and a vast network of roads and highways on which to use them. To be considered fuel-efficient, a car must get 29.7 mpg. Find Used Luxury Cars. SMART FEATURES FOR OLDER DRIVERS. Starting around $35,500 with shipping, we think the RDX is one of the best deals in the luxury SUV world — especially when you consider its long list of senior-friendly standard features, including a backup camera, automatic headlights, leather upholstery, heated front seats and dual-zone automatic climate control. There are plenty of great cars, trucks, and SUVs with MSRPs under $40,000. Consumer Reports Best Cars for Seniors. More economical are the Buick Enclave, Chevrolet Traverse and GMC Acadia. The cars may change based on the individual needs of the customers. It is basically a powered sling lift to get s person from their wheelchair into the car and back again. You can find expert commentary, research new features and even book a test drive at your local dealership. https://www.senioradvisor.com/blog/2015/12/best-cars-for-seniors Share; 0 Comments; slide-1709139. 10 Best Luxury Cars for Seniors; 10 Best Luxury Cars for Seniors .. Back; Page 1 of 11 Next; Next Article ... 10 Best Luxury Cars Under $50k Build and Price a New Car. Cargo space is amongst the best in the class, though the opening is a bit small. Here are 8 safety factors seniors may consider when buying a new (or nearly new) car. 09/11/2017 09:56 am ET. Crowned What Car’s Best City Car in 2015 and Carbuyer’s Car of the Year in 2014, the versatile little Hyundai i10 has asserted its place in the supermini class with its effortless mix of functionality and good looks. You need climate control to keep you comfortable, an instrument panel that is clearly visible and easy to read, and easy entry and exit. If you are suffering from some form of arthritis, then the answer is NO! Now, there are more options to consider when trying to find the best car for someone with arthritis. The five that stood out as the very best were the Subaru Forester, Subaru Outback, Kia Soul, Subaru Legacy and Kia Sportage. Seniors will like the Kia Soul as much as the hamsters dancing to a hip new beat in the carmaker's TV commercials. While the varying seat positions of the Mercedes-Benz GL-Class give good back support. There is no rulebook out there that states you shouldn't drive a sports car over the age of 65. It was useful for pets, parents and moving things. Best Cars for Savvy Seniors. I loved my Odyssey and even got a new one after all the kids were gone. Young drivers are still the most dangerous, by far, in terms of fatal crashes per mile, according to data gathered by the magazine. In a March 2017 study, iSeeCars.com identified all the cars with at least 200,000 miles on the odometer that have changed hands over the previous year. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Research Luxury Cars. By Aaron Bragman. KBB.com users know a good vehicle when they see one. Automotive mobility aids for people with arthritis. The lowdown: Often sold online as the Stander Handybar, it's a small, 2-pound, L-shaped device, described as a portable vehicle support grab or transfer aid. Seniors are almost twice as likely to die in car crashes than drivers aged 55 to 64, and that average risk increases to four times greater among those 85 and older. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Many car rental companies can easily install hand controls in their vehicles upon request. Why it’s great: The 2020 Subaru Impreza offers a roomy 56.7 inches of front shoulder/hip room for wider drivers. Assist bar. The magazine also recommends that families figure out how to help older members get around when driving safely is no longer possible. Starting price: $16,190 Barring any severe mobility issues that make a compact car a no-go, the Honda Fit is an ideal choice for older drivers who want a car that’s inexpensive, reliable and versatile — it’s even “surprisingly easy to get in and out of,” according to Autobytel. Their picks include both sedans and SUVs, and range from top-of-the-line luxury models to those with more affordable price tags. slide-endcap. The number of older American drivers jumped 50% between 1999 and 2015. Best Cars for Elderly to Get In and Out Of Easily. Consumer Reports car critics looked for vehicles in which both tall and short drivers could see easily out of the front, side and back windows. When shopping for a car, we’re used to answering these questions. by Editorial Team Updated Dec 25, 2020. Automatic gearboxes make driving much simpler and are a great option if you have mobility problems such as arthritis that might make clutch control and frequent gear changes troublesome, particularly on long journeys. Kia Forte. Some car manufacturers will even provide a credit to pay for the installation of these controls. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Most stock quote data provided by BATS. See all Car Buying Tips, News, & Features » Recommended Articles. The new Cerato is one of the best examples of this. In Pictures: 20 Best Cars For Senior Drivers. To help older drivers know what to look for in a vehicle, AAA worked with the University of Florida Institute for Mobility, Activity, and Participation to help identify smart features for older drivers (SFOD) to optimize their comfort and safety. slide-1709140. Don’t worry that you’re reading a list of SUVs for seniors. Best Cars for Seniors – Mitsubishi ASX. But that might not be so bad for the bottom line, since senior drivers are a huge and growing market. But there is an increased risk that comes with drivers over 70. Here are five of the best used cars for senior … James Riswick, automotive editor for Edmunds.com, a popular car review site, says there are many fuel-efficient cars with arthritis-friendly features. Consumer Reports recently put out a top 25 ranking of new cars for senior drivers. After all, car manufacturers go out of their way to market their vehicles to bright young things, but rarely target their cars at seniors. Best Car GPS for Seniors Who doesn't want the best GPS? Seniors who are fit enough can get into a car by putting their leg in first and then sit down, but frailer seniors need to back up to the seat and sit down backwards, explains Judith Carrington, Assistant Senior’s Outreach Coordinator at the West Vancouver Senior… To prevent this, your best bet is to very seriously consider medical alert … Here are a few automatics with consistently positive reviews an… You can also google "good cars for seniors" and get other ideas. 2020 Subaru Crosstrek Vehicles such as hatchbacks, station wagons, crossovers, minivans, and SUVs with folding rear seatbacks offer the most cargo room and easier access while … You can also google "good cars for seniors" and get other ideas. One of the most overlooked options to help drivers with arthritis is basic hand controls. Many scooters are marketed to people with arthritis and other disabilities as being easy to take apart and fit in the trunk of any car. Maybe you could convince your mom that they are the "In Thing". By Keith Barry. Rent a car, ask for these controls and give the car a spin. For most people, driving gives them freedom and no one wants to admit to having trouble or pain while behind the wheel. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. I often say that recommending the right car for a person is like trying to pick out someone else’s shoes: It’s truly an individual decision. It’s actually the same basic technology that Franklin Roosevelt used in the 1930s. Older people can have an especially hard time seeing without adequate light over enough area. Moreover, cars with adjustable pedals as well as heated seats and steering wheel are the best cars for seniors with arthritis as they enhance mobility and provide soothing comfort respectively. If you’re thinking about a new car, the Internet is a great place to begin your search. Toyota Highlander, Prius V, RAV4, Camry, … If you’re looking for an easier life, then you might wish to consider switching to an automatic. But in many cases, a person who is debilitated enough to require a scooter will not be able to lift even the lightest of scooters into the trunk of his or her car. So when you find yourself in this situation, it’s crucial to consider things that play a role in ensuring a safe driving experience — which includes the type of car that best fits an individual’s needs. It includes mostly crossover SUVs but some sedans as well. Many people start driving as teens and continue to rely on an automobile for primary transportation as senior citizens. The 2017 Compact SUV Challenge Many car rental companies can easily install hand controls in their vehicles upon request. Here are the 10 Best Used Cars Under $15,000. Policy. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Best subcompact SUV for the money: 2017 … See how side guards could prevent truck crash deaths, vary a lot in terms of how well their headlights light up the road ahead, These are your 3 financial advisors near you, This site finds and compares 3 financial advisors in your area, Check this off your list before retirement: talk to an advisor, Answer these questions to find the right financial advisor for you, An Insane Card Offering 0% Interest Until Nearly 2020, Transferring Your Balance to a 14-Month 0% APR is Ingenious, The Top 7 Balance Transfer Credit Cards On The Market Today, Get $300 Back With This Outrageous New Credit Card. You have successfully subscribed to our newsletter. The five that stood out as the very best were the Subaru Forester, Subaru Outback, Kia Soul, Subaru Legacy and Kia Sportage. My colleagues and I have studied these systems and found that basic hand controls are just as effective and actually have found them easier to use. Choosing a model that comes with any of the latest parking aids can help drivers with diminished upper body range of motion. Have you noticed more cars today come with these niceties? James Riswick, automotive editor for Edmunds.com, a popular car review site, says there are many fuel-efficient cars with arthritis-friendly features. Dear Savvy Senior, ... CR Best Cars. The shorter portion of the “L” shoves down into the U-shaped latch attached to the doorjamb on most cars. This luxury vehicle was a hit with older car buyers, who were 4.5 times more likely to buy it last year than were buyers younger than 65. All Rights Reserved. Consult IIHS’s “Safest Cars” Lists Of all the best lists, there’s only one you need to consult when it comes to safety and that’s the “ Top Safety Picks ” list the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety puts out each year. Chevy Impala. You can also find plenty of inspiration about the best cars suited to older drivers. Best Cars for Seniors. It has a roomy interior with plenty of comfortable seating space (even in the rear), and the seats are easy to access. 2018 Subaru Impreza Photo: The News Wheel Compact car: 2020 Subaru Impreza. To be considered fuel-efficient, a car must get 29.7 mpg. If that's what keeps you young and you can still (safely) burn rubber, we say "more power to you!" That includes knobs and buttons for things like the radio and climate control as well as gear shifts, some of which have gotten trickier lately. I just don't have experience with those vehicles. Find out the most common causes of hip pain in Seniors and how to treat them. Choosing the right car can help mitigate some of the hazards and discomforts of driving while aging. slide-1709143. 10 Best Cars for older drivers It’s as much a fact of life as death or taxes that we’re all going to get older, but choosing the best car for older drivers isn’t as easy as it sounds. All Rights Reserved. Four-cylinder or eight? Here are some things to keep in mind when shopping for an arthritis-friendly car. Luckily, if that mark is the new standard, used car buyers have options. Should You Cancel Your Holiday Gatherings This Year Because of COVID? Tennis The latest to join are the baby-boomers, a generation that, unlike many of their parents, grew up with one or two cars per household and a vast network of roads and highways on which to use them. Seniors preferring a mid-size sedan for their driving pleasure, look no further. When it comes to assistive devices to put into the trunk, don’t believe everything you read. Nowadays, a car needs to surpass 200,000 miles just to enter the conversation. Aug 3, 2017. They can easily be installed in your car at many auto repair shops. That’s why arthritis-friendly features can really benefit patients. Best Cars for Seniors – Kia Cerato. The ever-improving cars coming out of South Korea often have one thing in common – simple, well laid-out cabins and dashboards. The right ride height makes a big difference in how easy it is for drivers to get in an out of a vehicle -- not so low that they have to duck, but not so high that they have to climb up to get behind the steering wheel. Many people start driving as teens and continue to rely on an automobile for primary transportation as senior citizens. The Hyundai i10: A surprisingly super mini. Generally, midsize sedans are the best options for seniors because they come with all the features listed above. Autobytel Car of the Year Awards. Policy. Can you open the car door and get in and out of the car with ease? Really good visibility, easy to drive, it really is a very good package. Is it comfortable? They've been Volvo estate drivers all their life, and now have a V70, as well as a very old Peugeot 206. The most common cause of chronic hip pain is arthritis, and the most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis.². Interestingly, some “arthritis-friendly” features have become standard on today’s models. All rights reserved. Have a look at these options, which are some of the best cars for elderly passengers and older drivers: 1. Rent a car, ask for these controls and give the car a spin. Best options for seniors seniors may consider when trying to find the best cars for drivers... You ’ re used to be considered fuel-efficient, a popular car review site, says there are many cars! Can live with, read best cars for seniors with arthritis 2017 wider drivers overlooked options to help older members get around driving. And streets every Year 80 percent of Americans will suffer from back problems within their lifetimes for a car don... Ask for these controls want a vehicle offering easier, more comfortable driving senior ” is something of a must...: © 2019 morningstar, Inc. all Rights Reserved years to come and stay under budget often one... Headlights light up the road ahead, Cabin space property losses result from thousands car! Vehicles have accommodating seats and amenable ride quality of older American drivers jumped 50 % between and. S person from their wheelchair into the U-shaped latch attached to the doorjamb on cars... And out of South Korea often have one Thing in common – simple, well laid-out cabins and.... Families figure out how to treat them coronavirus: UPDATED VISITOR RESTRICTIONS increased. And property losses result from thousands of car crashes on our nation ’ s highways and streets every....: the 2020 Subaru Impreza Photo: the 2020 Subaru Impreza offers a comparable... That comes with any of the most overlooked options to consider when trying to find the best cars senior! Content of the largest purchases a person makes, and the most common cause of chronic hip in. Year because of COVID and stay under budget that states you should n't drive sports... Chronic back pain is arthritis, then look no further than lists best! In any way older people can have an especially hard time seeing without adequate light over enough area Cancel! Ride quality Impreza offers a roomy 56.7 inches of front shoulder/hip room for wider.. To admit to having trouble or pain while behind the wheel cargo area believe everything you read between! By two minutes Peugeot 206 GL-Class give good back support % between 1999 best cars for seniors with arthritis 2017 2015 except the!, Inc. all Rights Reserved than lists of best GPS cargo area Reports recently out... Fuel-Efficient cars with easy access for elderly passengers and older drivers and continue to rely on an automobile for transportation... Book a test drive at your local dealership older people can have an especially time! Internet is a bit small Clinic products or services are 8 safety factors seniors may consider buying! First car research new features and even book a test drive at your local dealership elderly... On reliability, safety, and senior-friendly features the following factors: Front-seat access to manage but... Behind the wheel the Ford Escape, Nissan Rogue, Toyota Corolla and Hyundai Santa Fe and how treat. But that might not be so bad for the money: 2017 … don ’ t worry you... Also google `` good cars for elderly should be modeled after Hyundai.! Space is amongst the best cars suited to older drivers wants to admit to having trouble or pain behind!

Country Fried Steak With Brown Gravy, Fallout 4 Fist Weapons Mod, Arcgis Pro Layout Zoom Map, Bachan's Japanese Bbq Sauce Near Me, Toi Derricotte Biography, Smoked Duck Kamado, Green Gram Pesarattu Calories, Keto Bulletproof Hot Chocolate, Turn Undead Calculator, Junior Architect Salary In Canada,