But all the parts belong to our one body. So here, but in a strictly metaphorical sense, it means, “Thou shalt take the best and most summary vengeance upon him.” There may be the underlying idea of awakening in the adversary the pangs of shame and remorse. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans 12 and more! Decide how much God has helped you to trust him. They will see that you do good things. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:1-2. Therefore.—We may well believe that the Apostle having brought his argument up to a climax at the close of the last chapter, would make a pause in his dictation, and perhaps not resume it until another sitting. 3 God has been kind to me so that I can serve him. Condescend to men of low estate.—Probably, on the whole, rightly translated in our version; “Let yourselves be carried on in the stream with those who are beneath yourselves in rank and station; mix with them freely; be ready to lend them a helping hand if ever they need, and do this in a simple and kindly way; do not let any social assumptions keep you at a distance.” “Accommodate yourselves,” or “condescend”—of course without any conscious idea or appearance of condescension. http://www.calvaryhillsboro.org/ Subscribe To Watch More: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMljrvWnX5HWCHwB-GAbCsw Thank you for … Prophecy.—The gift of prophecy is treated at length in 1 Corinthians 14. The institution of this office is described in Acts 6:1-5. Different kinds of grace, with different forms of expression, are given to different individuals, and they are to be cherished and used accordingly. Romans 12:12, ESV: "Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer." Romans 12:1-5 Not Imitation but Incarnation; Romans 12:6-16 No Room for Envy in the Church; Romans 12:14-21 Dealing With Disagreements; Romans 12:38 Members of the Body; EXPLORE THE BIBLE DUTIES OF BELIEVERS, GENERAL AND PARTICULAR. This will be prevented by the presence of the Christian motive. 16 Be of the same mind toward one another; do not be haughty in mind, but associate with the lowly. He sees his errors, and learns from them. 1 So I beg you, brothers and sisters, because of the great mercy God has shown us, offer your lives. It has entered into the social code, and belongs as much to the gentleman as the Christian. You will know what pleases God. Romans 12 Romans 12:2 Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. A. 11 Do not be lazy, but always work hard. .—Let your purposes be such that all men shall recognise their complete integrity. So I beg you to offer your bodies to him as a living sacrifice, pure and pleasing. We should say, rather, “fellow-members with one another.”. See Romans 1:9, Romans 1:25; Romans 12:1, Galatians 4:8, Galatians 4:9; 1 Thessalonians 1:9; Matthew 6:24. All Christians, viewed collectively, make up one body, the unity of which is supplied by their relation to Christ. The reference is to a state of things in which the Christian was liable to be persecuted and driven from city to city, and often compelled to seek for shelter with those who held the same faith as himself. Through the grace given unto me—i.e., in virtue of his apostolic authority. 17 If someone has done bad things against you, do not do bad things back to them. Do not think that you know everything. What is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.—The “will of God” is here, not the divine attribute of will, but the thing willed by God, the right course of action. What are the mercies to which Paul refers? Continue to do things that are good. Romans 12 Commentary by William Sanday; THEODORE EPP. 10 Love each other truly like brothers and sisters. Then you will know how to serve him well. It is to exalt our views respecting the blessings Christ has procured for us, by comparing them with the evil which followed upon the fall of our first father; and by showing that these blessings not only extend to … Used by Permission. (1) At this point the Apostle turns from the speculative, or doctrinal, portion of his Epistle, and begins a series of practical exhortations to his readers as to their lives as Christians. (18) The Christian can only be responsible for himself. 1. The temperament of the Christian is compared to water bubbling and boiling over the flame. Be of the same mind one toward another. Most of the commentators prefer this latter way of taking the passage, but it is not quite clear that the former is impossible, “that good, and acceptable, and perfect thing, or course of action which God wills.” “Acceptable,” that is to say, to God Himself. Matthew 5:14-16; 2 Corinthians 8:21.). Psalms 18:12-14, where the phrase “coals of fire” is used of the divine vengeance. (9) Without dissimulation.—The same Greek word is translated “unfeigned” in 2 Corinthians 6:6; 1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 1:5, and “without hypocrisy” in James 3:17. It included more especially the distribution of alms and the care of the poor, the sick, widows, etc. We are to dedicate our bodies to God. By the renewing of your mind.—“The mind” (i.e., the mental faculties, reason, or understanding) is in itself neutral. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans 12 and more! .—There is a play upon words in this phrase, and those which follow, which is not preserved, and can hardly be preserved, in the English. Reasonable service.—The English phrase is somewhat ambiguous. Viewed individually, they stand to each other in the same sort of relation as the different limbs and organs of the natural body, as foot and hand, or hand and eye. but be ye transformed.—Here the English is somewhat misleading. Paul appeals to Roman Christians "to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God" (v. 1). To repress the desire for revenge is to gain a victory over self, which is not only nobler in itself, but will also be much more effectual. Prove.—As elsewhere, “discriminate, and so approve.” The double process is included: first, of deciding what the will of God is; and, secondly, of choosing and acting upon it. Romans 12:1-2 & 13:8-14 ESV Easy-Print Commentary Romans 12:1-2 & 13:8-14 ESV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary English Standard Version and Student Study Handout for Romans 12:1-2 & 13:8-14 It will disarm the enemy, and turn him into a friend. Perhaps no shorter advice is to be given than “become Christians.”. Paul is using the language of Old Testament animal sacrifice to express the idea of a complete giving of oneself to God. The worshipper must offer, or present, before God, himself, with all his living energies and powers directed consciously to God’s service. 8 If God has helped you to make others strong, then you should do that. Romans 12:1. Let thine eye look upon no evil thing, and it hath become a sacrifice; let thy tongue speak nothing filthy, and it hath become an offering; let thy hand do no lawless deed, and it hath become a whole burnt offering. It is the difference between an outward conformity or disguise and a thorough inward assimilation. Just as under the old dispensation the mind expressed its devotion through the ritual of sacrifice, so now under the new dispensation its worship takes the form of a self-dedication; its service consists in holiness of life, temperance, soberness, and chastity. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Romans 12 Commentary by William Sanday; THEODORE EPP. He has given to each of us different gifts so that we can serve him. But it is not so; indeed, there is a clear distinction between the two different words employed. This is brought out with emphatic repetition in the phrase “to be minded unto the being sober-minded,” i.e., to keep sobriety of mind constantly in view as the object or ideal towards which all the thoughts and feelings converge. Commentary on Romans 12:3-8 (Read Romans 12:3-8) Pride is a sin in us by nature; we need to be cautioned and armed against it. The functions of the diaconate are called “serving tables” (i.e., in the literal sense, “providing food” for those who needed it) in Acts 6:2-3, and “helps” in 1 Corinthians 12:28. The foundation for Christian living. So, again, in the next verse, the “hospitality” of which the Apostle speaks is something more than the ordinary entertainment of friends. Preferring one another.—Rather, perhaps, anticipating one another. Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. Please leave your own comment so that we can all learn from one another. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Are we to take the adjectives “good, and acceptable, and perfect” (with the Authorised version), as in agreement with this phrase, or are they rather in apposition to it, “that we may prove the will of God, that which is good, and acceptable, and perfect”? So surely the world will get much richer blessings when enough Jews become the kind of people God wants. .—A fine sentiment. Abhor that which is evil.—This clause seems linked on to the last through the word “without hypocrisy”: “Let your love arise from genuine and deep emotion; let the basis of your character be an intense hatred of evil and as strong an adhesion to good.” The Apostle does not here enter into the more difficult question as to how those in whom these emotions are naturally weak are to strengthen them. In spirit—i.e., not “in the Holy Spirit,” but “in that part of you which is spirit.”. Then you will know how to do everything that is good and pleasing to him. To every man that is among you.—A rather more pointed expression than simply “to you all,” “to each one of you severally and individually.”. This should be noted as a point of resemblance between St. Paul and the author of that Epistle, but its strength as an argument for the identity of the two is much diminished by the fact that other marked coincidences are found in the literature of this age, which seem to point to the conclusion that forms of text were current (perhaps confined to a few familiar quotations) of which no direct representations have come down to us. 12 Dear friends, God is good. Romans 11:25, and Proverbs 3:7. There is a class of religious minds which is especially apt to forget this. He that teacheth.—Comp. The Christian is not to copy the fleeting fashions of the present time, but to be wholly transfigured in view of that higher mode of existence, in strict accordance with God’s will, that he has chosen. 15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep. 14 Ask God to bless people who cause trouble for you. … Read Romans 12 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/romans-12.html. “The mind” here is not strictly identical with what we now mean by “conscience;” it is, as it were, the rational part of conscience, to which the moral quality needs to be superadded. . Just as being enslaved to sin was an embodied existence, so is being alive to God. These are the two verses that link Romans 1-11 with Romans 12-16 and tell us about our changed lives. Fervent.—In the literal and etymological sense boiling or seething. He says, "Don't be conformed to this world, but be transformed 9 Really love other people, not like a hypocrite. It is impossible to convey in good English the emphatic play, so to speak, which each word here has upon another: "not to be high-minded above what he ought to be minded, but so to be minded as to be sober-minded" [CALVIN, ALFORD]. 1905. (5) In Christ.—Christ is the unifying principle in the Church, just as the personality or will is the unifying principle in man. 15 If you are with someone who is happy, you should also be happy. Offer your bodies to him like a sacrifice that continues to live. 1 Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 4:11; 1 Timothy 5:17. On the other hand, in the Epistles of a writer like St. Paul, it does not by any means follow that because the word for “high” is neuter that for “low estate” must be neuter too. From the detailed description there given, we gather that it was a kind of powerful and inspired preaching which, unlike the gift of tongues, was strictly within the control of the person who possessed it. Be patient when you have troubles. Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a … Always continue to pray. 1 Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable (Greek: euareston—well-pleasing) to God, which is your spiritual (Greek: logiken—rational, genuine, true) service (Greek: latreian—service). Romans 12:1-2. Romans 12 Contemporary English Version (CEV) Christ Brings New Life. (21) Be not overcome of evil, but . But this is not enough, we must do good works also; let the hand do alms, the mouth bless them that despitefully use us, and the ear find leisure evermore for the hearing of Scripture. The infliction of vengeance is not a sign of strength, but of weakness. The Apostle assumes that this will be the case. . The kindness of charity is doubled when it is done in a cheerful and kindly way. Simplicity.—With singleness of motive, desiring only God’s glory, and to benefit the object for which he gives, and with no secret thought of self-exaltation. Romans 12:12-13. Romans 12 – Living the Christian Life A. 1. Negatively, we are not to be passively conformed to this world. Be patient when you have troubles. Always continue to pray. In like manner the Christian’s sacrifice must be holy and pure in God’s sight, otherwise it cannot be acceptable to Him. ÷ROMANS 12:14-21. Patient in tribulation; The word “tribulation” signifies threshing as with a flail. This last is the most literal rendering, and brings out the resemblance to Matthew 23:13, et al. The record of our Lord’s teaching was no doubt at first preserved and circulated in the Church orally, and it would be in this form that St. Paul first became acquainted with the precept to which he here seems to allude. Serve him with everything that you have and that will please him. (Read Romans 5:12-14) The design of what follows is plain. Romans 12:1-5 Not Imitation but Incarnation; Romans 12:6-16 No Room for Envy in the Church; Romans 12:14-21 Dealing With Disagreements; Romans 12:38 Members of the Body; EXPLORE THE BIBLE Romans 12 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by Charles Ellicott has been an oft consulted resource by many a preacher! Necessity.—Some of the Græco-Latin manuscripts and fathers here read, memories, or commemorations, by a slight change of letters, “taking part in the commemorations of the saints,” as if the allusion was to the later ecclesiastical usage of holding festivals in honour of martyrs. 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