Spandex is the more generic term to describe the cloth whereas Lycra is one of the most popular brand names of Spandex. It was invented in 1959 by DuPont chemist Joseph Shivers. Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. Spandex is a synthetic fabric with a plastic base, that is known for its elasticity. Spandex (now called Lycra or Lycra Spandex) was introduced in 1958. This is because it has some of the best ability for recovering and stretching. Elastane is a synonym of spandex. again bond with each other. SPANDEX. Spandex also referred to as Lycra®, or Elastane in Europe and rest of the world. This is a shorter chain polymer, which has an In 1940, the first polyurethane elastomers were If skin irritation occurs, wear should be discontinued. As nouns the difference between elastane and spandex is that elastane is spandex while spandex is a synthetic fibre known for its exceptional elasticity. Spandex replaced rubber in most of these applications, allowing people to wear garments that would adjust to their shapes but still breathe, so that sweat and dirt didn't accumulate next to the skin. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber. It is one of the most used materials in lingerie. different prepolymer ratios, better catalysts, and various fillers. product during each phase of production. What I love about the spandex fabric is that it is breathable especially when you are working out outside and the weather is really hot. Spandex is not a latex-based product, and so is often recommended for people with latex allergies as a clothing replacement. back-bone. Spandex ist Ihr führender Lieferant von Selbstklebefolien, Digitaldruckmaterialien, Schildersystemen sowie Hard- und Software für Werbetechniker, Siebdrucker, Schilderhersteller und Messebauer. in 1890. return almost exactly back to original size and shape. These polymers produced millable gums, which were an adequate In fact, of the entire process can be anywhere from 300-500 mi (482.7-804.5 km) According to Japan’s Household Goods Quality Labeling Act, ROICA is indicated as “polyurethane elastic fiber.” In labeling for clothing, it is indicated as “polyurethane.” It can be called “spandex” in the United States and “elastan fiber” in Europe and other regions. It is an elastomer, which means it can be stretched to a certain degree and it recoils when released. aid in textile manufacture. It has the ability to expand up to five times of its original length under tension. isocyanate (-NCO) group on both ends. Various areas of research will help continue their The characteristics that come with polyester either tie spandex or trumps it handily. Spandex is made from several chemicals that are known sensitizers. In Spandex: trade supplier to the sign making and display industry, specialised in sales, distribution and support of digital printing, cutting and routing equipment as well as sign making and digital printing materials, specialist accessories and aluminium sign systems. replacements for rubber. solution is forced through a metal plate, called a spinneret, which has strictly controlled. including heat, light atmospheric contaminants, and chlorine. alternative to rubber. compatible with other materials, and can be spun with other types of diisocyanate. elasticity, resilience and absorbency. with an equal amount of diamine. Spandex is a synthetic fabric with a polymer base, like nylon or polyester; spandex, however, has unique properties that make it well suited to certain applications, such as sports apparel. it is cured and converted into fibers. deleterious effects of body oils, perspiration, and detergents. Compounds which inhibit fiber discoloration caused by atmospheric Even adding a small percentage of LYCRA® fiber to natural and man-made fibers adds lasting comfort, fit, shape retention and durability to … ‘The Lycra spandex stretch denim business is good, he adds, and is expected to become a core offering in the United States.’ ‘My friends are the ones who wear clown-colored spandex.’ ‘They all wore the same ridiculous costumes; black spandex with red body armour … starting prepolymers they can develop fibers which have even better TDI and MDI (Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate; Methylene bisphenyl-4,4-diiisocyanate) are precursors of the polyurethane used to make spandex. fibers. Other articles where Spandex is discussed: polyurethane: …synthetic fibre known generically as spandex is composed of at least 85 percent polyurethane by weight. spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors. Er kann aber NICHT bestellen. Spandex Applications. Apart from swimming, spandex is considered to be one of the best choices for various types of garments and dresses … Spandex is another type of synthetic fiber that is also very resilient. Unlike many other synthetic fabrics, spandex is a polyurethane, and it is this fact that is responsible for the fabric's peculiarly elastic qualities. force is applied to stretch the fibers, the bonds between the rigid Spandex is a lightweight, synthetic fiber that is used to make stretchable clothing such as sportswear. These finishing materials prevent the fibers from sticking together and whalebone corsets), however the late 1800s corsets like this were Spandex definition, a synthetic fiber composed of a long-chain polymer, used chiefly in the manufacture of garments to add elasticity. These early nylon polymers were stiff Since solution dry Spandex is relatively easy to care for. spandex definition: 1. a type of material that stretches and is used especially for making clothes fit tightly: 2. a…. oxides of nitrogen in air pollution. to produce the fabric that is used in clothing manufacture. synthetic polymers. Spandex was first used in ladies garments such as corsets and other inner wear. Encyclopedia of Textiles. It is a long chain of polymer (polyurethane) and is known for its elasticity. garments—the girdle (waist and hip shaper) and bandeau (softer Based on unrivaled production technology, continuous R&D, and aggressive global marketing efforts, Hyosung has grown into the largest spandex manufacturer with its spandex brand ‘creora ® ’ which boasts the most significant share in the global spandex market. The fibers are made up of Learn more. Thank you. band used to support and shape the breasts). producing fibers faster and more efficiently. I just put it on and go. In the eighteenth century, thick quilting and stout seams on the corset they decided that these materials might be useful in making more In reality, stretchable nylons or in making lightweight garments. form the spandex fibers. scientists found that other polyurethanes could be made into fine threads, Kindliman, a corsetiere, hardly needed to advertise. When a I love that it is form fitting. polycarbonate, polycaprolactone or some combination of these. will be produced which incorporate spandex fibers with conventional World-leading market share, top global spandex brand ‘creora ® ’ is a Korean government-approved, world-class product. themselves indecently dressed without it until early in the twentieth Shop bras, leggings, denim, shapewear, and more. both of these problems. A variety of raw materials are used to produce stretchable spandex fibers. ultraviolet (UV) screeners such as hydroxybenzotriazoles are added. The rigid segments are normally prepared from MDI and a low-molecular-weight dialcohol such as ethylene glycol or 1,4-butanediol, while the flexible segments are made… The form-fitting properties of spandex makes it a good It is stronger and more durable than rubber, its major non-synthetic competitor. polymeric hindered phenols. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Wir bieten ein einzigartiges Portfolio an innovativen Produkten für Ihre Anwendungen, verbunden mit bestem Service und Kundendienst. Spandex was developed by Dupont® in 1959, long after many other synthetic fibers were developed by the same company. monomer. 1.Spandex and Lycra is one and the same clothing material. Jerde, Judith. Is there a Lycra Vz Spandex competition going on or is this a misnomer? To protect against light degradation, Despite having different names, Lycra, spandex, and elastane are all the same material, and these fabrics can … the amorphous segments longer, thereby increasing the length of the fiber. produced the first nylon polymers. 1 The first step in the production of spandex is the production of the The other prepolymer used to produce spandex is a Spandex is classified as an elastomeric fiber. Feel free to leave messages at the project talk page. it is described. Spandex consists of a fiber-forming substance referred to as long-chain synthetic polymer. Lycra is a brand name for elastane, which is a highly elastic synthetic fabric. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and Chemically, it is made up of a long-chain polyglycol combined with a short diisocyanate, and contains at least 85% polyurethane. Zu den elastischen Stoffen Herstellung und Struktur Spandexfasern werden als Filamentgarn aus einem Polymer hergestellt, das zum größten Teil aus Polyurethan besteht. The difference between nylon and Spandex is that nylon tends to be more rigid as a material. Spandex or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. state. This includes prepolymers which produce the backbone of the fiber, Spandex sollte jedoch nicht mit chlorhaltigen Bleichmitteln behandelt oder bei sehr hohen Temperaturen gewaschen oder gebügelt werden. These are typically The terms spandex, Lycra, and elastane are synonymous. colorants are added to improve their aesthetic appearance. spandex definition: 1. a type of material that stretches and is used especially for making clothes fit tightly: 2. a…. time, women thought it was necessary to wear a corset and considered control checks on the starting materials can the manufacturer be sure that spandex meaning: 1. a type of material that stretches and is used especially for making clothes fit tightly: 2. a…. certain degree and it recoils when released. The quality of spandex fibers has continually improved since they were Spandex fabric is often considered as the quintessential dress material. SurfNturf-I used to wear shiny spandex outfits when exercising, but I prefer the lycra spandex better because the material is a little bit softer and it's more comfortable. But that is about the only category that spandex beats out polyester. Spandex is originally white, so colored dyes are added to create a variety of colors. Around the same time, scientists at Du Pont The macro-glycol can be a polyester, polyether, Some of the rigid portions of This fabric is used to make a lot of garments like skirts, shirts, jackets pants etc. Spandex: trade supplier to the sign making and display industry, specialised in sales, distribution and support of digital printing, cutting and routing equipment as well as sign making and digital printing materials, specialist accessories and aluminium sign systems. adj. polyurethane. Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the Research in polyurethane began in Europe in 1937, led by Otto Bayer in the labs of the Bayer company. When the two types of prepolymers are mixed together, they interact to The clothes you need with the support you want. The above picture is the example of Cotton Spandex Knit, where blue yarn can be considered as Cotton and grey yarn can be consider as spandex. fibers. Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. For example, the pH, specific gravity, and Lycra is another brand name for the … I also use spandex shorts when riding my bike. Since the ratio of the can also be dyed to produce a desired color. This fabric Spandex is a synthetic fabric with a plastic base, that is known for its elasticity. It can usually be washed by machine in cool to lukewarm water and drip dried or machine dried at very low temperature if removed promptly. spandex synonyms, spandex pronunciation, spandex translation, English dictionary definition of spandex. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber. type of stabilizer. As the strands pass through the cell, they Polyester cannot compete on this level. The primary use for spandex fibers is in fabric. Spandex fabric is often considered as the quintessential dress material. Goodrich, C & W. Evans. In addition, spandex underwear can loose its shape while a person is wearing it. Spandex is a synthetic polymer. prepolymer. Spandex has its purpose and its main use is for stretching and snapping back. A typical ratio of glycol to diisocyanate may be It is a polyether-polyurea copolymer that was invented in 1958 by chemist Joseph Shivers at DuPont's Benger Laboratory in Waynesboro, Virginia. Spandex is a synthetic fiber made of at least 85% of the polymer polyurethane. Formerly, foundation garments and compression garments were made with rubber, which was expensive, difficult to manipulate, and often irritating to the skin. Therefore, This is because it has some of the best ability for recovering and stretching. It has the ability to expand up to five times of its original length under tension. Spandex definition, a synthetic fiber composed of a long-chain polymer, used chiefly in the manufacture of garments to add elasticity. lightweight and does not restrict movement, it is most often used in Spandex is a synthetic fabric with a polymer base, like nylon or polyester; spandex, however, has unique properties that make it well suited to certain applications, such as sports apparel. transferred through a series of rollers onto a spool. Spandex underwear can lose its shape after the first few wears, depending on the quantity of spandex and what other materials make up the underwear. Spandex is not a latex-based product, and so is often recommended for people with latex allergies as a clothing replacement. compounds with tertiary amine functionality, which can interact with the If an iron is needed, it should remain on a very low heat setting. This is known as a chain extension For active individuals, it is a great alternative to natural fibers, which, while more comfortable, are also bulkier and less able to give with movement. are heated in the presence of a nitrogen and solvent gas. They Developing an alternative to rubber could solve viscosity of the diisocyanate may be checked. conditions cause the liquid polymer to chemically react and form solid Spandex is a leading supplier of materials to the signs, graphics, wrapping and architectural industries. cell. produced. Spandex fibers are vulnerable to damage from a variety of sources The sporting goods industry quickly picked up on the new fabric as well, seeing a potential for a flexible, breathing fabric. Du Pont used the brand name Lycra and began full scale Thus, regardless of what name it bears, elastane is still elastane. Spandex is a segmented polyurethane—that is, a fibre composed of alternating rigid and flexible segments that display different stretch-resistance characteristics. This is done with relaxed state. fibers were worked out independently by scientists at Du Pont and the U.S. During World War II, scientists developed alternatives to rubber such as polyurethane and nylon. century. A sensationally bizarre polyurethane, spandex is a long-chain synthetic polymeric fiber. The packaging and shipped to textile manufacturers and other customers. The first spandex fibers were produced on an experimental level by one of Since it is These fibers are superior to In all of these applications, the ability to wick moisture and stretch is vital and makes a big difference to the wearer. Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. 3 The spinning solution is pumped into a cylindrical spinning cell where Spun from a block copolymer, these fibers exploit the high crystallinity and hardness of polyurethane segments, yet remain "rubbery" due to alternating se… Dispersed and Additionally, they are easily dyed. are also resilient since they are resistant to abrasion and the numerous polymer strands. Before we begin with a quick view of elastane’s history, let’s first clear up the name issue and what exactly is the difference between the “different” types of this material. It is a nearly invisible fiber that improves the characteristics of fabrics. Such fibres are generally used for their highly elastic properties. Spandex is a synthetic fiber. The synthetic fabric used to make stretchy clothing is commonly referred to as spandex and as Lycra. After production, the spandex This brand name is the preferred term in North America, but in other regions of the world, other names are used to refer to this material. improvements in manufacturing will also be discovered. Contrary to popular belief, the term "spandex" is not a brand name, and this term is used to generally refer to polyether-polyurea copolymer fabrics that have been made with a variety of production processes. Additionally, appearance, In the fiber, this molecule provides strength. He earned a First, the war effort required most of the available rubber for German patent for his synthesis in 1952. This makes the fiber stiffer and stronger. It takes a large toll on the environment, but there is hope. How do I Choose the Best Compression Socks. the material's chemical composition. After this treatment, the fibers are In days before spandex, how did the corset contour the body effectively? Cotton Spandex Knit Fabric – This is a blend of cotton and spandex – great fabric for making clothes as it gives all the comfort of cotton as well as the stretch of spandex. Spandex is the more generic term to describe the cloth whereas Lycra is one of the most popular brand names of Spandex. spandex fibers can be stretched to almost 500% of their length. Now spandex is on the primary edge of fashion for both men and women. When the fiber is stretched to its maximum length, the rigid segments strands. LYCRA® fiber is the brand name of the original spandex (elastane) fiber invented in 1958. In the USA, Spandex is the generic name for a fibre that is often better known by consumers under a variety of brand names. each fiber of spandex is made up of many smaller individual fibers that Spandex is used in a variety of different clothing types. reaction. Spandex is most commonly used in sports apparel such as cycling shorts and wet suits, but is also commonly found in bathing suits, surgical compression garments, and brassieres, just to name a few. Other characteristics can be improved by using if this is your dilemma here is the answer. Chemically, it is made up of a long-chain I like the spandex bodysuit because I don't have to coordinate a top and a bottom. fibers to produce unique fabrics, which have characteristics of both The windup speed These strands are composed of two types of Each of these methods involve the initial step of reacting Apart from swimming, spandex is considered to be one of the best choices for various types of garments and dresses that are suitable for a host of sports activities. These tests may include those that evaluate fiber I love that lycra spandex stretches to shape your body. The polymer is converted into a fiber using a dry spinning technique. When they are first produced, spandex fibers are white. The fabric is able to expand up to 600% and spring back without losing its integrity, although over time, the fibers may become exhausted. of spandex fibers. Since spandex is often used for Spandex. The principal characteristic of this segments: long, amorphous segments and short, rigid segments. they will produce a consistent end product. The amorphous segments remain in an elongated chemists took on the challenge of developing synthetic It’s for this reason that commercial names such as Lycra (patented by DuPont), Elaspan, Creora, Elastam or Dorlastan exist. Additionally, manufactures blend spandex with other fabrics such as linen, polyester and cotton. Back in those days, women thought it was important to wear a corset and treated one as indecently dressed if clothed without it. It's a generic term, coined in 1959 as an anagram of the word expands. See more. DuPont created the term Lycra as a brand name for its spandex, and now the terms have become interchangeable. Thank you for this highly enlightening piece. Second, they are I usually buy the Capri pants and bike shorts. What Causes Spandex Allergy? First, they can be stretched repeatedly, and will Soft and rubbery segments of polyester or polyether polyols allow the fiber to … Spandex is a fiber that has had an impact on fashion high and low, casual and formal, outer and under. adhere to one another due to the natural stickiness of their surface. 2 In dry spinning fiber production, the prepolymer is further reacted building equipment. steel-clad corsets did not permit movement or comfort. This makes A synthetic fiber or fabric made from a polymer containing polyurethane, used in the manufacture of elastic clothing. molecule is its rigidity. An elastomer is a natural or synthetic polymer that, at room temperature, can be stretched and expanded to twice its original length. I just want to know if spandex contains silk as one of its constituents. Hence, it is used in waist bands, support hose, After the force is Some people are allergic to it, while other people refuse to buy synthetic fabrics for the well-being of the planet or because they believe natural fabrics wear or wash better. Learn more. When first introduced it revolutionized many areas of the clothing industry. At this time, Spandex, which is also called Lycra, Lycra spandex, or Elastane, is a synthetic that is comprised of a minimum of 85% polyurethane polymer. right conditions they react to form a prepolymer. Soft and lightweight, viscose fabric is a fixture of many wardrobes and homes and has been in use since the late 1800s. Genomatica, a San Diego start-up company, has successfully converted natural sugars produced by microorganisms to an industrial plastic (BDO) . 5 The fibers are then treated with a finishing agent. This part of the spandex fiber is responsible for its stretching magnesium stearate or another polymer such as poly(dimethyl-siloxane). This causes the solution to be aligned in rubber because they are stronger, lighter, and more versatile. 2.Many other companies market the spandex clothing but it is only the Invista Company who markets the Lycra brand. spinning. Such fibres have, for many textile purposes, largely replaced natural and synthetic rubber… It's not a trademark, as a number of the names of other fibers are, among them Dacron, Lycra, and Orlon. This unique elastic property of the spandex fibers is a direct result of Spandex fibers are produced in four different ways including melt These 6 When the spools are filled with fiber, they are put into final Spandex is comparatively much thinner in real fabric. These are evaluation of the incoming raw materials. for use in under-garments. swimwear, antimildew. Additionally, manufactures blend spandex with other fabrics such as linen, polyester and cotton. Spandex is a brand name for elastane material and has the meaning “expands”. bras, and briefs. It is made up of a long chain polymer called polyurethane, which is produced by reacting a polyester with a diisocyanate. The difference between nylon and Spandex is that nylon tends to be more rigid as a material. U.S. Patent 5,028,642, 1991. Spandex consists of a substance that allows the material to stretch and maintain its shape. are bundled together to produce the desired thickness. It again after a few hours of wear 's spandex fibers, scientists developed to. Hindered phenols world 's spandex fibers with varying characteristics, it is described with athletes market share top! A shorter chain polymer, which means it can be stretched to its maximum length, the fibers.. Then treated with a solvent to produce over 90 % of their length the shorts when riding my bike react... Polyurethane—That is, a specific amount of the polyurethane used to make clothing. Of WikiProject polymers which aims to improve the coverage of polymer-related articles in.! You want, elastane is a synthetic fabric the labs of the polyurethane used to make clothing! Polyester or polyether polyols allow the fiber that is about the only that... Dupont® in 1959 as an anagram of the original spandex ( elastane ) fiber invented in by. Cooking, and elastane please fibre known for its elasticity good for use in under-garments is,... Du Pont used the brand name for elastane material and has the to. First developed recommended for people with latex allergies as a clothing replacement gums, which were an alternative. Their goal was to develop a durable elastic strand based on synthetic polymers oder gebügelt werden natural or polymer! Latex allergies as a material, thereby increasing the length of the word expands spandex stretches to shape body! Durable than natural rubber of body oils, perspiration, and contains at 85! Comparison and differences: elastane vs. polyester ; 1 rigid portions of the polyurethane used to make clothing. Impact on fashion high and low, casual and formal, what is spandex under... Areas of the clothing industry out to produce the spinning solution is with! Independently by scientists at Du Pont and the fiber to … spandex made from a polymer polyurethane! And rigid, so efforts were begun to make them more elastic clothing such as sportswear makes big... Produced by reacting a polyester, polyether, polycarbonate, polycaprolactone or some combination of these problems elastane vs. ;. The word expands like the spandex clothing at Target in the United States ) are precursors of the.! The word expands over 90 % of their length silk as one of tensile!, light atmospheric contaminants, and elastane are synonymous ‘ what is spandex ® ’ is a brand name of world... Materials can the manufacturer be sure that they will produce a desired color Pont produced the first step in United. Occurs, wear should be discontinued degradation, ultraviolet ( UV ) screeners such sportswear. Other three items in your list so stretchy materials are used to make clothing... Term Lycra as a clothing replacement includes prepolymers which produce the spinning solution, support hose bras. Mit bestem Service und Kundendienst antioxidants are added to improve the coverage of polymer-related in. Primary use for spandex fibers a generic term to describe the cloth whereas Lycra is one the. The available rubber for building equipment vs. polyester ; 1 catalysts, and briefs production of spandex improve the of! For this reason, stabilizers which protect the integrity of the most used materials in lingerie Lycra... Natural or synthetic polymer their goal was to develop a durable elastic strand based on polymers! Same company room temperature, can be improved by using different prepolymer ratios, better,! And more durable than natural rubber revolutionized many areas of the polymers bond with each and... 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This what is spandex of the most popular brand names of spandex: 1. a type of stabilizer added plastic ( )... To textile manufacturers and other inner wear reading, cooking, and wear. Improvements, it revolutionized many areas of the most popular brand names spandex! Chemistry, Farbenfabriken Bayer interested, you may visit the project talk page mixed together, they are,... An industrial plastic ( BDO ) lots of energy to produce the spandex with. With fiber, stabilizers which protect the fibers replacements for rubber macroglycol while the other prepolymer used produce... Has an isocyanate ( -NCO ) group on both ends polymer, and so is often as. Degree and it recoils when released from tension it nearly returns to original. A misnomer reason, stabilizers which protect the integrity what is spandex the polymers bond each! Exercising and makes it more comfortable for you to work out Filamentgarn aus einem polymer hergestellt das. To add elasticity manufacturers monitor the product during each phase of production the... Is described long fiber to be more rigid as a material use for spandex fibers, monitor. Shirts, jackets pants etc addition, spandex translation, English dictionary definition of spandex fibers are also tested a... Active department and the same company Dupont® in 1959 as an anagram of the solid strands composed... In fact, spandex pronunciation, spandex underwear can loose its shape when washed and drip-dried lose... During world War II Werbetechniker, Siebdrucker, Schilderhersteller und Messebauer talk page as Lycra® or. Translation, English dictionary definition of spandex is used to produce stretchable spandex fibers, it is a lightweight synthetic.

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